It appears that although the role of parliament is enshrined in Iran’s constitution, in reality, MPs must consider the supreme leader’s standpoint above anything else. This rule applies to all sections, ranging from foreign policy to the country’s judicial system. It doesn’t matter whether the officials have been elected by people or appointed by him, the leader’s commands come first.
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During the Iran nuclear deal negotiations, it was clear to all that whatever the foreign minister or the president said would be valid only when the supreme leader confirmed it. The deal itself became official in Iran only after his approval. The same is the case with regional policy as well. It does not really matter what the foreign minister, the president or the members of parliament think.
As is being said in the Islamic Republic, “He has the final say.” In other words, the supreme leader is above everybody and everything.